Elizabeth Blackwell: A Pioneering Physician Who Dented the Gender Barrier

Elizabeth Blackwell. Civil War RX, 1 Mar. 2016, civilwarrx.blogspot.com/2016/06/
     elizabeth-blackwell-abolitionist.html. Accessed 19 Mar. 2020.

An incident in the student life of Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell - an actual scene in
     the operating room of a medical college. Getty Images, www.gettyimages.com/
     515253884?adppopup=true. Accessed 19 Mar. 2020.

Elizabeth Blackwell. Jan. 2020. Encyclopedia Britannica, www.britannica.com/
     biography/Elizabeth-Blackwell. Accessed 19 Mar. 2020.


In 1849, Elizabeth Blackwell graduated at the top of her class from the Geneva Medical School—proving her skeptical male counterparts wrong—and became the first female physician in the U.S. However, American hospitals refused to hire her. She was unable to break through those gender and medical barriers, so she opened her own medical facility that was run solely by women. As a leader in her field and understanding the pervasive sexism of the time, she worked to provide other women with opportunities in medicine, while paving a new path for future female physicians around the world.

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Ava Vincini and Sarah Thomas, Senior Division Group Website

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